Sitting quietly doing nothing has never been the western way. But what is meditation really – what does the mind do with itself in meditation? Where does it go? Is it like dreaming? For many meditation is a mystery and Webster’s dictionary defines it as:
1) to engage in contemplation or reflection
2) to engage in mental exercise (as concentration on one’s breathing or repetition of a mantra) for the purpose of reaching a heightened level of spiritual awareness
True meditation is actually a state where one is aware, but completely calm, relaxed and not involved in the thoughts. It’s difficult to describe if you have never experienced it, or only experienced it fleetingly, and even people who study it aren’t always are sure what it is. Dr Manocha, in doing research into meditation, explored some misconceptions held by those who research and prescribe meditation. His findings were that true meditation, in both practice and tradition, is mental silence, which is different from contemplation, relaxation and mindfulness, although these are often sold as meditation. Here are some of the differences:
Mindfulness, however, is not the same as mental silence, so it’s not genuine meditation. Although the Buddha advised his disciples to observe the mind without being seduced by it, the goal of all ancient meditative practices is to go beyond the mind so the awareness rises above it. Traditional Indian scriptures refer to this state as ‘non dualism’ or ‘self realization’, where one realizes there is no separation between their meditative self and a pure sense of consciousness which is in everything. So in meditation we merge with something greater than ourselves and, in turn, realize our potential to be much more than our thoughts or worries. Our awareness turns to things that are more eternal and pure. True meditation is very joy giving. This sense of joy establishes itself and expands when we practice a truly silent meditation.
“Sometimes I sits and thinks and sometimes I just sits” said Pooh
When we are stressed or unhappy the mind is constantly working trying to solve a problem, or make plans for a future which does not yet exist. When we are busy, worried or very stressed we just have too many thoughts, some estimates being anywhere from 12,000 to 60,000 thoughts per day.
But here is a picture of our mind with no thoughts:
So normally we have a thought, it rises and falls, and then right behind it comes another, then another. It’s like we jump on the train of thoughts, take the ride, and can’t get off.
But if we relax, maybe contemplate a little bit, and then start to watch or witness that train of thoughts go by they slow down. When this happens, the space between the thoughts also widens. The thoughts become slower, and the space between them widens.
Therefore by allowing our mind to rest in the silent spaces, these lengthen and we are able to drift into a place of being in the moment (not in our thoughts of the future or past). And even when there is the occasional thought, like a slow train drifting by, we see we don’t need to jump on it but just watch it, and let it pass. If we find it hard to stop thinking we can say “I forgive this thought” or “not this thought”. Sometimes we have to be a little strict with mind so it does not jump about and take over.
In meditation we must learn how to be effortless, because if the mind is making an effort it will be thinking, and thinking is not meditation. Learning to let our minds relax and be effortless is possibly the biggest challenge of learning to meditate. But just by allowing the meditative state to occur, we strengthen our connection with that state, and it becomes easier and easier to achieve and maintain. We then develop new mental habits, of calmness, of watching things instead of reacting to them and of being mentally relaxed and still throughout the day. Just by being present in the present moment we relax. Some call this the state of flow or zone. Children are often in this state just naturally.
In his research Dr Manocha found that after a few weeks of practice most people were able to learn to relax and experience mental silence much more easily. Just remember – meditation is effortless – if one can witness the mind thinking rather than being involved in the thoughts the body does the work for us. It’s like how a tree grows, it doesn’t think, it just does it. Being in thoughtless awareness throughout our day helps us enjoy things more fully (though our hearts), and cleanse the brain so it’s more effective when we need it to be.
Here Katya Rubia from the Institute of Psychiatry, King’s College London, gives a short talk on the research that has been done to date covering the health benefits of Sahaja Yoga Meditation.
To learn more about the Vedic tradition of non dualism and self realization this book, a long ancient poem of praise to divinity, includes a very clear introduction on the tradition of non dualism.